Some notes on Panasonic Amorton solar cells

These are just rough notes that might help someone else in their personal electronic projects.  About Amorton’s indoor solar cell products, AM1456, AM1417, etc.

These solar cells are like what you see in calculators.  They are only a few square centimeters or larger.  Typically like pieces of glass.

For low light

These indoor products are for low light.  They are characterized for as little as 50 lux, which is not much light, typical of an indoor space with average lighting.  A room with a sun facing window, on a clear or overcast day, typically has much more light.  Even typical artificial lighting provides this much light.

The power available at these lighting levels is only a few uA.  Also, the Vope (which is the operating voltage, which really means the maximum power voltage, see MPPT) is a fraction of the Voc (voltage open circuit)  in much stronger light.  For example, if the panel has four cells which each deliver a maximum of 0.6 volts, the Voc might be 2.4V but the Vope in 50 lux might be only 1.4V.

You should design your circuits to operate around Vope, since if you design to operate at the Voc, it will take strong light, and the power delivered will be smaller than you could get at Vope.

(PowerFilm does not characterize their film solar cells at such low light levels.  But they recently started selling LL3-37, which IS targeted for low light.)

Availability

Some of the glass ones are available from Digikey and Mouser.  The film versions don’t seem to be readily available in small quantities to retail buyers.

Solderability

The models that are commonly available have pre-soldered wires, AWG 30.  I have had good success in unsoldering the wires, leaving the solder ball, and soldering on a different wire (including tinned piano wire.)

Surface Mount

I also tried unsoldering the wire, cleaning the pad with flux and desoldering braid, and trying to reflow surface mount.  With very poor results (say one success in three.)  The manufacturer said this is not a supported use.  After the failure, you see a brown surface that solder won’t stick too.  Evidently the ‘interface’ between the solder and the semiconductor is very thin and its solder ability easily destroyed.

Some of the product variations for AM1456, AM1417 have no pre-soldered wire, but only conductive paste, and they are available only in large quantities (AFAIK.)  I don’t think these are intended for reflow soldering either.

Amorton recently started selling model AM1606, which IS intended for surface mount (SMD.)  Available from Mouser.

Durability

They seem relatively robust.  I have dropped them from desktop height onto concrete and they don’t seem to break.  I have had a few, small, conchoidal chips out of the edge, seeming cosmetic, not affecting the power out.

Under extreme mechanical stress, the soldered pads occasionally detach at the ‘interface’.  See above re surface mount.

Safety

The glass edges are not sharp.  I have never cut myself on the edges.  I suppose the manufacturing process somehow rounds the edges a little, even though they appear quite square.  However, I suppose the edges are intended to be enclosed in a frame.

But since they are small and glass, they ARE a hazard for small children, and if they should break into pieces.