Experimental result: you can cut Powerfilm thin-film solar cells. I wrote this blog because whenever I search for that topic, the usual results are obscure references to “follow the instructions” and the manufacturer’s website doesn’t seem to discuss it. Maybe this is not an important use case. But I wanted a solar cell (a panel really) smaller than the smallest one made by Powerfilm (model SP3-37, which is about 4×6 cm.
Cutting down a thin-film solar cell
Simply take a sharp scissors and cut in on a line along the direction of the fingers (the T-shapes that seem to gather charge from the top of one row of cells and carry it in series to the bottom of the next row of cells.) In other words, each piece retains a portion of the silvery contact bars at opposite sides of the panel.
I was able to cut on SP3-37 into thirds very nicely (each piece about 1.2 cm by 6 cm.) For some reason, there is a slight voltage drop on the pieces. Under a certain light condition, the whole panel generated 3V open circuit, a two-thirds piece generated about 2.8V and a one-third piece generated about 2.6V.
Cutting in in thirds avoids cutting into the fingers, and gives three pieces that look about the same (with the finger down the middle.) I don’t see why you couldn’t cut along the fingers and get six pieces. I would guess that if you cut so that some piece has no fingers, that piece would have much reduced function. But I haven’t tried it.
Cutting in this way leaves the pieces with edges that are not sealed by the outer covering plastic laminate of the entire panel. I can’t say what the effect is on the lifetime, or warranty.
When I first contemplated cutting a thin-film solar cell, I worried that the shearing action would somehow short the layers of the solar cells. Evidently not, at least in the short term.
Trimming the silvery contact bars
In my opinion, the silvery contact bars are much larger than they need to be. Probably the manufacturer contemplates they need to be that large for ease and reliability of soldering to them, and that they will always be hidden by a bezel of the enclosing product.
Some applications, such as in RC planes, for which the manufacturer makes a lightweight model, you would also want to trim off excess silvery contact bars.
I haven’t yet tried to trim the silvery contact bars.
Simple trimming of excess
On the stock part, you can see where the outer plastic laminate seals the edges, away from any functional layers. In other words, you can see the channels where the manufacturer has cut a strip of the parts into parts. The stock part seems to have some excess, especially along the edge having a silvery contact bar. Even if I don’t want a smaller panel, I usually trim this excess away just for neatness and to save weight.
Cutting non-rectangular shapes
Suppose you wanted to cut a thin-film solar panel into a decorative shape. I suppose you could do that as long as you retained a portion of each silvery contact bar.
Cutting down the number of cells in series
I don’t think you can do that. You are stuck with the lowest voltage panel that the manufacturer makes (3V: 5 cells of 0.6V each, in series.) In my opinion, there will be demand for 1.5V panels. Many electronics nowdays work at only 1.5V.
But it might be possible to cut the thin-film solar cell orthogonally to the fingers, and fabricate a new silvery contact bar to replace the one you cut away.